Latin America Poverty

However, through all those times, poverty has been a constant. Here we speak of mass poverty, almost endemic. Great impoverished masses who have almost no wish to leave the state, so many years of getting used to and take it as inevitable.
Despite the unprecedented amount of money that have entered these countries in the last decade, progress against poverty has been just that, poor. There have been countries that have reduced poverty in huge quantities, but not the middle class has increased or have done to a lesser extent. It happens that the way of measuring poverty is statistical, and if a person that had no job or income receives a state subsidy of a certain size, ceased to be poor. For statistics, of course.
Currently, 2013, there are two kinds of governments in South America. Those who subsidize all thanks to its glittering coffers and those that left the economy alone evolve. The first, stifle any attempt to elevate the impoverished classes giving subsidies to both sides, including employers, to help supposedly the poor masses to survive. The goal is laudable, but the method is dangerously destructive to the economy of a country. Even sometimes it is suspected that for these governments is important to keep up a significant number of poor, as these are votes for prisoners of state power.
The others, who leave the economy alone thrive, are doing more to lift the needy from their state. Unleashing the forces of the economy in a context of expansion, poverty may give way to the creation of small enterprises or private enterprises, and that small medians become, and these in large. But not enough. This pace will become poorer classes eternal and this conspires against education, and this affects on innovation and culture, two bases for progress to be sustained over time.
As a general rule, I believe that in times of expansion should govern the right, which is more likely to encourage increased savings, investment and spending and who knows how to let it grow to traders. In times of crisis, should govern the left, which is more fiable to share what little there, distributed to anyone out of the economy and promote counter cyclical measures. That list is left.
But neither will achieves stable models in Latin America if not produce deep structural reforms. Properly functioning judiciary and protect the citizen, with educated citizens who can claim their rights. Legislatures who are trained to make laws knowing all the implications they have, and educated citizens who can complain to their representatives. Simple economic laws, simple, to promote entrepreneurship and competitiveness, and citizens who know how to use them properly. Universities who can educate in modernity, with young citizens to accept the challenge of sacrifice and study instead of going to college to do politics. Clear rules for everyone to replace a bunch of laws and codes of thousands of pages and thousands of contradictory or superfluous laws that only serve to discourage the citizen.
In short, education in one word. But they first have to educate rulers.

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